Digital technology is profoundly transforming our world. To identify these transformations, to understand the deep principles of the digital world and the changes of values induced, to better question our future. An invitation to revisit the traditional questions of philosophy in this new light …
- Ontology: Structured set of all terms and concepts as well as their relations entering into the description of a domain of knowledge. An ontology aims to allow the automation of reasoning about the objects of the domain concerned. « Ontology is to data what grammar is to language ». (Wikipedia)
- Semantic Web: An extension to the Web (syntactic) in which information is associated with a well-defined meaning, improving the ability of software to process the information available on the web. The Semantic Web is based on W3C standards (the international standardization body of the web) as RDF (Resource Description Framework). The term was coined by Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the Web and director of W3C.
- Data Modeling: An abstract representation, the data model not only defines the data structure but also what the data really means (semantics).
- Expert system: in general, it is a tool capable of reproducing the cognitive mechanisms of an expert, in a particular field. On this subject see also the video of Nicolas P. Rougier: Issues and history of artificial intelligence
- Logical AI: see the explanations on this current of artificial intelligence in the video of Nicolas P. Rougier: Stakes and history of artificial intelligence
- Preemptive law: on this subject, see also Daniel Le Metayer’s video on digital, law and privacy
- Discreet: an object is said to be discreet when its points are separated from each other, the opposite being called a continuous object. The opposition of the continuous and the discreet is an important philosophical theme already questioned by Greek philosophy.
- Digital: Anglicism. Term often used as a synonym for digital.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Alexandre Monnin is a PhD in philosophy from Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne University where he did his thesis on the architecture and philosophy of the Web *. He is a researcher in the Inria Wimmics team and an Open Data expert at the Etalab mission under the responsibility of the Prime Minister. He initiated several projects using data web technologies, such as the French DBpedia and Re-Source, the Galeries Lafayette Foundation’s information system for contemporary art.