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Informatics and Digital Creation

Demystify artificial intelligence

CHALLENGES AND HISTORY OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Some personalities (Bill Gates, Elon Musk, Stephen Hawking …) have launched a call to warn against the dangers of artificial intelligence. Will Terminator and Skynet destroy humanity? Obviously, the question does not arise like that …

GLOSSARY

  • Principia mathematica: A three-volume work by Alfred North Whitehead and Bertrand Russell, published in 1910-1913. This work deals with the foundations of mathematics and is considered one of the most influential books in the history of logic.
  • Perceptron: was invented in 1957 by Frank Rosenblatt at the Cornell University Aerospace Laboratory. The perceptron can be seen as the simplest type of neural network.
  • Deep Blue: is a supercomputer specialized in chess by adding specific circuits, developed by IBM in the early 1990s.
  • Alan Turing: is a British mathematician and cryptologist (1912-1954), author of works that scientifically ground computing. To solve the fundamental problem of decidability in arithmetic, he presented in 1936 a thought experiment which will be named after Turing machine and programming concepts and program, which will take all their meaning with the spread of computers, in the second half of the 20th century.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Nicolas Rougier is a researcher at Inria on the Mnemosyne team and the Institute of Neurodegenerative Diseases in Bordeaux. He works in computational neuroscience and seeks to understand how the brain works through computer models.

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